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android开发之:intent和intent action大全

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In 学习  @2015-05-14

一.Intent的用法:

(一)用Action跳转

1.使用Action跳转,如果有一个程序的AndroidManifest.xml中的某一个Activity的IntentFilter段中定义了包含了相同的Action那么这个Intent就与这个目标Action匹配。如果这个IntentFilter段中没有定义 Type,Category,那么这个Activity就匹配了。但是如果手机中有两个以上的程序匹配,那么就会弹出一个对话可框来提示说明。

Action的值在Android中有很多预定义,如果你想直接转到你自己定义的Intent接收者,你可以在接收者的IntentFilter中加入一个自定义的Action值(同时要设定 Category值为”android.intent.category.DEFAULT”),在你的Intent中设定该值为Intent的 Action,就直接能跳转到你自己的Intent接收者中。因为这个Action在系统中是唯一的。

2.data/type,你可以用Uri来做为data,比如Uri uri = Uri.parse(http://www.google.com);Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);手机的Intent分发过程中,会根据http://www.google.com 的scheme判断出数据类型type 。手机的Brower则能匹配它,在Brower的Manifest.xml中的IntenFilter中 首先有ACTION_VIEW Action,也能处理http:的type。

3.至于分类Category,一般不要去在Intent中设置它,如果你写Intent的接收者,就在Manifest.xml的Activity的 IntentFilter中包含android.category.DEFAULT,这样所有不设置 Category(Intent.addCategory(String c);)的Intent都会与这个Category匹配。

4.extras(附 加信息),是其它所有附加信息的集合。使用extras可以为组件提供扩展信息,比如,如果要执行“发送电子邮件”这个动作,可以将电子邮件的标题、正文等保存在extras里,传给电子邮件发送组件。

(二)用类名跳转
Intent负责对应用中一次操作的动作、动作涉及数据、附加数据进行描述,Android则根据此Intent的描述,负责找到对应的组件,将Intent传递给调用的组件,并完成组件的调用。Intent在这里起着实现调用者与被调用者之间的解耦作用。Intent传递过程中,要找到目标消费者(另一个Activity,IntentReceiver或Service),也就是Intent的响应者。

  1. Intent intent = new Intent();
  2. intent.setClass(context, targetActivy.class);
  3. //或者直接用 Intent intent = new Intent(context, targetActivity.class);
  4. startActivity(intent);

不过注意用类名跳转,需要在AndroidManifest.xml中申明activity

  1. <activity android:name="targetActivity"></activity>

二.Intent常见用法:

android中intent是经常要用到的。不管是页面牵转,还是传递数据,或是调用外部程序,系统功能都要用到intent。在做了一些intent的例子之后,整理了一下intent,希望对大家有用。由于intent内容太多,不可能真的写全,难免会有遗落,以后我会随时更新。如果你们有疑问或新的intent内容,希望交流。

intent大全:

  1. 1.从google搜索内容 
  2. Intent intent = new Intent(); 
  3. intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH); 
  4. intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString") 
  5. startActivity(intent); 
  6.  
  7. 2.浏览网页 
  8. Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com"); 
  9. Intent it  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); 
  10. startActivity(it); 
  11.  
  12. 3.显示地图 
  13. Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476"); 
  14. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri); 
  15. startActivity(it); 
  16.  
  17. 4.路径规划 
  18. Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en"); 
  19. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI); 
  20. startActivity(it); 
  21.  
  22. 5.拨打电话 
  23. Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); 
  24. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
  25. startActivity(it); 
  26.  
  27. 6.调用发短信的程序 
  28. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);    
  29. it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");    
  30. it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");    
  31. startActivity(it); 
  32.  
  33. 7.发送短信 
  34. Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");    
  35. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);    
  36. it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");    
  37. startActivity(it); 
  38. String body="this is sms demo"; 
  39. Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null)); 
  40. mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
  41. mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true); 
  42. mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true); 
  43. startActivity(mmsintent); 
  44.  
  45. 8.发送彩信 
  46. Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");    
  47. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
  48. it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");    
  49. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);    
  50. it.setType("image/png");    
  51. startActivity(it); 
  52. StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
  53. sb.append("file://"); 
  54. sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile()); 
  55. Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null)); 
  56. // Below extra datas are all optional. 
  57. intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject); 
  58. intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
  59. intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString()); 
  60. intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode); 
  61. intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent); 
  62. startActivity(intent); 
  63.  
  64. 9.发送Email 
  65. Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com"); 
  66. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri); 
  67. startActivity(it); 
  68. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
  69. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");    
  70. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");    
  71. it.setType("text/plain");    
  72. startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 
  73. Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);      
  74. String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};      
  75. String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};      
  76. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);      
  77. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);      
  78. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");      
  79. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");      
  80. it.setType("message/rfc822");      
  81. startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));    
  82.  
  83. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
  84. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");    
  85. it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");    
  86. sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");    
  87. startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 
  88.  
  89. 10.播放多媒体   
  90. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
  91. Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3"); 
  92. it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3"); 
  93. startActivity(it); 
  94. Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");    
  95. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);    
  96. startActivity(it); 
  97.  
  98. 11.uninstall apk 
  99. Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);    
  100. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);    
  101. startActivity(it); 
  102.  
  103. 12.install apk 
  104. Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null); 
  105. returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri); 
  106.  
  107. 13. 打开照相机 
  108.     <1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null); 
  109.            this.sendBroadcast(i); 
  110.      <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis(); 
  111.             String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg"; 
  112.             fileName = folder + name; 
  113.             ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); 
  114.             values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName); 
  115.             values.put("_data", fileName); 
  116.             values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName); 
  117.             values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
  118.             values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName); 
  119.             values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
  120.             Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert( 
  121.                     MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values); 
  122.  
  123.             Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); 
  124.             inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri); 
  125.             startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10); 
  126.  
  127. 14.从gallery选取图片 
  128.   Intent i = new Intent(); 
  129.             i.setType("image/*"); 
  130.             i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
  131.             startActivityForResult(i, 11); 
  132.  
  133. 15. 打开录音机 
  134.    Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION); 
  135.             startActivity(mi); 
  136.  
  137. 16.显示应用详细列表       
  138. Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");         
  139. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);         
  140. startActivity(it);         
  141. //where app_id is the application ID, find the ID          
  142. //by clicking on your application on Market home          
  143. //page, and notice the ID from the address bar      
  144.  
  145. //刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 
  146. //Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>"); 
  147. //这个简单多了 
  148.  
  149. 17寻找应用       
  150. Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");         
  151. Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);         
  152. startActivity(it); 
  153. //where pkg_name is the full package path for an application       
  154.  
  155. 18打开联系人列表 
  156.             <1>            
  157.            Intent i = new Intent(); 
  158.            i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
  159.            i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone"); 
  160.            startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT); 
  161.  
  162.             <2> 
  163.             Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people"); 
  164.             Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri); 
  165.             startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT); 
  166.  
  167. 19 打开另一程序 
  168. Intent i = new Intent(); 
  169.             ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2", 
  170.                     "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch"); 
  171.             i.setComponent(cn); 
  172.             i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN"); 
  173.             startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK); 
  174.  
  175. 20.调用系统编辑添加联系人(高版本SDK有效):
  176. Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
  177.                it.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
  178.                 //it.setType(Contacts.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
  179.                 it.putExtra("name","myName");
  180.                it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,  "organization");
  181.                it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL,"email");
  182.                 it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE,"homePhone");
  183.                 it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.SECONDARY_PHONE,
  184.                                "mobilePhone");
  185.                 it.putExtra(  android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.TERTIARY_PHONE,
  186.                                "workPhone");
  187.                it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.JOB_TITLE,"title");
  188.                 startActivity(it);
  189.  
  190. 21.调用系统编辑添加联系人(全有效):
  191. Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
  192.            intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
  193.            intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");
  194.            intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");
  195.            intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);
  196.            intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");
  197.            intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE,                    Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);
  198.            startActivity(intent);

intent action大全:

  1. android.intent.action.ALL_APPS
  2. android.intent.action.ANSWER
  3. android.intent.action.ATTACH_DATA
  4. android.intent.action.BUG_REPORT
  5. android.intent.action.CALL
  6. android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON
  7. android.intent.action.CHOOSER
  8. android.intent.action.CREATE_LIVE_FOLDER
  9. android.intent.action.CREATE_SHORTCUT
  10. android.intent.action.DELETE
  11. android.intent.action.DIAL
  12. android.intent.action.EDIT
  13. android.intent.action.GET_CONTENT
  14. android.intent.action.INSERT
  15. android.intent.action.INSERT_OR_EDIT
  16. android.intent.action.MAIN
  17. android.intent.action.MEDIA_SEARCH
  18. android.intent.action.PICK
  19. android.intent.action.PICK_ACTIVITY
  20. android.intent.action.RINGTONE_PICKER
  21. android.intent.action.RUN
  22. android.intent.action.SEARCH
  23. android.intent.action.SEARCH_LONG_PRESS
  24. android.intent.action.SEND
  25. android.intent.action.SENDTO
  26. android.intent.action.SET_WALLPAPER
  27. android.intent.action.SYNC
  28. android.intent.action.SYSTEM_TUTORIAL
  29. android.intent.action.VIEW
  30. android.intent.action.VOICE_COMMAND
  31. android.intent.action.WEB_SEARCH
  32. android.net.wifi.PICK_WIFI_NETWORK
  33. android.settings.AIRPLANE_MODE_SETTINGS
  34. android.settings.APN_SETTINGS
  35. android.settings.APPLICATION_DEVELOPMENT_SETTINGS
  36. android.settings.APPLICATION_SETTINGS
  37. android.settings.BLUETOOTH_SETTINGS
  38. android.settings.DATA_ROAMING_SETTINGS
  39. android.settings.DATE_SETTINGS
  40. android.settings.DISPLAY_SETTINGS
  41. android.settings.INPUT_METHOD_SETTINGS
  42. android.settings.INTERNAL_STORAGE_SETTINGS
  43. android.settings.LOCALE_SETTINGS
  44. android.settings.LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS
  45. android.settings.MANAGE_APPLICATIONS_SETTINGS
  46. android.settings.MEMORY_CARD_SETTINGS
  47. android.settings.NETWORK_OPERATOR_SETTINGS
  48. android.settings.QUICK_LAUNCH_SETTINGS
  49. android.settings.SECURITY_SETTINGS
  50. android.settings.SETTINGS
  51. android.settings.SOUND_SETTINGS
  52. android.settings.SYNC_SETTINGS
  53. android.settings.USER_DICTIONARY_SETTINGS
  54. android.settings.WIFI_IP_SETTINGS
  55. android.settings.WIFI_SETTINGS
  56. android.settings.WIRELESS_SETTINGS

转载自:http://www.ophonesdn.com/forum/thread-2609-1-1.html

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