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android开发之:intent和intent action大全

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In 学习  @2015-05-14

一.Intent的用法:

(一)用Action跳转

1.使用Action跳转,如果有一个程序的AndroidManifest.xml中的某一个Activity的IntentFilter段中定义了包含了相同的Action那么这个Intent就与这个目标Action匹配。如果这个IntentFilter段中没有定义 Type,Category,那么这个Activity就匹配了。但是如果手机中有两个以上的程序匹配,那么就会弹出一个对话可框来提示说明。

Action的值在Android中有很多预定义,如果你想直接转到你自己定义的Intent接收者,你可以在接收者的IntentFilter中加入一个自定义的Action值(同时要设定 Category值为"android.intent.category.DEFAULT"),在你的Intent中设定该值为Intent的 Action,就直接能跳转到你自己的Intent接收者中。因为这个Action在系统中是唯一的。

2.data/type,你可以用Uri来做为data,比如Uri uri = Uri.parse(http://www.google.com);Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);手机的Intent分发过程中,会根据http://www.google.com 的scheme判断出数据类型type 。手机的Brower则能匹配它,在Brower的Manifest.xml中的IntenFilter中 首先有ACTION_VIEW Action,也能处理http:的type。

3.至于分类Category,一般不要去在Intent中设置它,如果你写Intent的接收者,就在Manifest.xml的Activity的 IntentFilter中包含android.category.DEFAULT,这样所有不设置 Category(Intent.addCategory(String c);)的Intent都会与这个Category匹配。

4.extras(附 加信息),是其它所有附加信息的集合。使用extras可以为组件提供扩展信息,比如,如果要执行“发送电子邮件”这个动作,可以将电子邮件的标题、正文等保存在extras里,传给电子邮件发送组件。

(二)用类名跳转
Intent负责对应用中一次操作的动作、动作涉及数据、附加数据进行描述,Android则根据此Intent的描述,负责找到对应的组件,将Intent传递给调用的组件,并完成组件的调用。Intent在这里起着实现调用者与被调用者之间的解耦作用。Intent传递过程中,要找到目标消费者(另一个Activity,IntentReceiver或Service),也就是Intent的响应者。

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setClass(context, targetActivy.class);
//或者直接用 Intent intent = new Intent(context, targetActivity.class);
startActivity(intent);

不过注意用类名跳转,需要在AndroidManifest.xml中申明activity


二.Intent常见用法:

android中intent是经常要用到的。不管是页面牵转,还是传递数据,或是调用外部程序,系统功能都要用到intent。在做了一些intent的例子之后,整理了一下intent,希望对大家有用。由于intent内容太多,不可能真的写全,难免会有遗落,以后我会随时更新。如果你们有疑问或新的intent内容,希望交流。

intent大全:

1.从google搜索内容 
Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH); 
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString") 
startActivity(intent); 

2.浏览网页 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com"); 
Intent it  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); 
startActivity(it); 

3.显示地图 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri); 
startActivity(it); 

4.路径规划 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI); 
startActivity(it); 

5.拨打电话 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
startActivity(it); 

6.调用发短信的程序 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);    
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");    
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");    
startActivity(it); 

7.发送短信 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");    
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);    
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");    
startActivity(it); 
String body="this is sms demo"; 
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null)); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true); 
startActivity(mmsintent); 

8.发送彩信 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");    
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");    
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);    
it.setType("image/png");    
startActivity(it); 
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
sb.append("file://"); 
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile()); 
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null)); 
// Below extra datas are all optional. 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString()); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent); 
startActivity(intent); 

9.发送Email 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri); 
startActivity(it); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");    
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");    
it.setType("text/plain");    
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);      
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};      
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};      
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);      
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);      
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");      
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");      
it.setType("message/rfc822");      
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));    

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);    
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");    
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");    
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");    
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 

10.播放多媒体   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3"); 
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3"); 
startActivity(it); 
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");    
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);    
startActivity(it); 

11.uninstall apk 
Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);    
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);    
startActivity(it); 

12.install apk 
Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null); 
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri); 

13. 打开照相机 
    <1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null); 
           this.sendBroadcast(i); 
     <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis(); 
            String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg"; 
            fileName = folder + name; 
            ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); 
            values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName); 
            values.put("_data", fileName); 
            values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName); 
            values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
            values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName); 
            values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
            Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert( 
                    MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values); 
             
            Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); 
            inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri); 
            startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10); 

14.从gallery选取图片 
  Intent i = new Intent(); 
            i.setType("image/*"); 
            i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
            startActivityForResult(i, 11); 

15. 打开录音机 
   Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION); 
            startActivity(mi); 

16.显示应用详细列表       
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");         
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);         
startActivity(it);         
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID          
//by clicking on your application on Market home          
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar      

//刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 
//Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id="); 
//这个简单多了 

17寻找应用       
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");         
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);         
startActivity(it); 
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application       

18打开联系人列表 
            <1>            
           Intent i = new Intent(); 
           i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
           i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone"); 
           startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT); 

            <2> 
            Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people"); 
            Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri); 
            startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT); 

19 打开另一程序 
Intent i = new Intent(); 
            ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2", 
                    "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch"); 
            i.setComponent(cn); 
            i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN"); 
            startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK); 

20.调用系统编辑添加联系人(高版本SDK有效):
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
               it.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
                //it.setType(Contacts.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
                it.putExtra("name","myName");
               it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,  "organization");
               it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL,"email");
                it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE,"homePhone");
                it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.SECONDARY_PHONE,
                               "mobilePhone");
                it.putExtra(  android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.TERTIARY_PHONE,
                               "workPhone");
               it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.JOB_TITLE,"title");
                startActivity(it);
 
21.调用系统编辑添加联系人(全有效):
Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
           intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
           intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");
           intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");
           intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);
           intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");
           intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE,                    Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);
           startActivity(intent);

intent action大全:

android.intent.action.ALL_APPS
android.intent.action.ANSWER
android.intent.action.ATTACH_DATA
android.intent.action.BUG_REPORT
android.intent.action.CALL
android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON
android.intent.action.CHOOSER
android.intent.action.CREATE_LIVE_FOLDER
android.intent.action.CREATE_SHORTCUT
android.intent.action.DELETE
android.intent.action.DIAL
android.intent.action.EDIT
android.intent.action.GET_CONTENT
android.intent.action.INSERT
android.intent.action.INSERT_OR_EDIT
android.intent.action.MAIN
android.intent.action.MEDIA_SEARCH
android.intent.action.PICK
android.intent.action.PICK_ACTIVITY
android.intent.action.RINGTONE_PICKER
android.intent.action.RUN
android.intent.action.SEARCH
android.intent.action.SEARCH_LONG_PRESS
android.intent.action.SEND
android.intent.action.SENDTO
android.intent.action.SET_WALLPAPER
android.intent.action.SYNC
android.intent.action.SYSTEM_TUTORIAL
android.intent.action.VIEW
android.intent.action.VOICE_COMMAND
android.intent.action.WEB_SEARCH
android.net.wifi.PICK_WIFI_NETWORK
android.settings.AIRPLANE_MODE_SETTINGS
android.settings.APN_SETTINGS
android.settings.APPLICATION_DEVELOPMENT_SETTINGS
android.settings.APPLICATION_SETTINGS
android.settings.BLUETOOTH_SETTINGS
android.settings.DATA_ROAMING_SETTINGS
android.settings.DATE_SETTINGS
android.settings.DISPLAY_SETTINGS
android.settings.INPUT_METHOD_SETTINGS
android.settings.INTERNAL_STORAGE_SETTINGS
android.settings.LOCALE_SETTINGS
android.settings.LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS
android.settings.MANAGE_APPLICATIONS_SETTINGS
android.settings.MEMORY_CARD_SETTINGS
android.settings.NETWORK_OPERATOR_SETTINGS
android.settings.QUICK_LAUNCH_SETTINGS
android.settings.SECURITY_SETTINGS
android.settings.SETTINGS
android.settings.SOUND_SETTINGS
android.settings.SYNC_SETTINGS
android.settings.USER_DICTIONARY_SETTINGS
android.settings.WIFI_IP_SETTINGS
android.settings.WIFI_SETTINGS
android.settings.WIRELESS_SETTINGS

转载自:http://www.ophonesdn.com/forum/thread-2609-1-1.html

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